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1 May 25, 2017


1. Jacob Owusu Sarfo
So Far, So Good: Editors’ Note

2. Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva
Why does ‘PubPeer’ not acknowledge ‘Retraction Watch’ as a media source?

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2017, 4(1): 5-8.

Retraction Watch is a social media organization that relies on a blog to transmit information primarily about retractions in the scientific literature. One of the Retraction Watch co-founders, Ivan Oransky, is in fact a “Distinguished Writer in Residence at New York University’s Carter Journalism Institute” and the vice president of the Association of Health Care Journalists. Sharing a common funder, a philanthropic organization, the Laura and John Arnold Foundation, Retraction Watch regularly coordinates with a whistle-blower website that refers to itself as an “online journal club”, PubPeer. Retraction Watch regularly cites and refers to PubPeer, and vice versa. It is therefore surprising that PubPeer does not list Retraction Watch on its “Press” and media coverage page. This potentially deliberate omission may be equivalent to a hidden conflict of interest, undermining the ethical fortitude and image of these science watchdogs, and fortifying the fake news era.

3. Marie Correa, Brandon K. Dumas, Chanika Jones, Victor Mbarika
The Natural Harmony of Interests: Adam Smith and the Political Philosophy of the Classical School

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2017, 4(1): 9-14.

This paper explores the idea of laissez-faire and economic liberation as a corollary to the emergence of the national economy. It discusses the extent to which the individual actor as identified in Adam Smith’s economic philosophy is fundamental to the societal economy. It also reviews the essential role played by the individual actor towards the shaping of national or public policy. Some authors suggest that economic freedom increases economic growth, however for economies that are emerging, it is better for the state to control, regulate and invest in economic activities until their industries are strong enough to engage in competition with large firms from developed nations.

4. Anna Kovinko, Emine Marakly
Modern Educational Technology Training: Definitions, Components and Functions

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2017, 4(1): 15-21.

The paper presents a review on the practice of modern educational technology in high school. The term "educational technology" is now a common termnology in science and education. Generally, it is described to be composed of three facets, namely: (1) scientific, (2) procedural and descriptive, and (3) procedural effective. In order to determine a universal structure for educational technology, the authors identified the following components; (1) the conceptual part, (2) substantive part, (3) procedural part, and (4) methodological and software support part. It is noted from our analysis that, a good technical information technology is needed to develop programmed instructions, which are associated with the unique capabilities of modern computers and telecommunications. The main goal of modern information technology education is to prepare students to function holistically in the existing information society.

5. Antonina Ivanovna Lyashkevych
Theoretical Basis for Creating Scientific Research on History of Maritime Education in Ukraine (XVIII-XXI century)

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2017, 4(1): 22-26.

The quality of historical-pedagogical research as illustrated in this paper, essentially depends on the applied means and methods of scholar’s scientific activity and their adopted methodology. Generally, this statement concerns the study of the history of maritime education in Ukraine [ХVІІІ–ХХІ century]. The purpose of the study is to formulate a problem [i.e. creating Scientific Research on History of Maritime Education in Ukraine (ХVІІІ–ХХІ century)], define a structure for the problem [aspects, components], describe appropriate methods and its applicability i.e. significance. It is worth mentioning that the combination of contextual and formal approaches gives an opportunity to study historical events and outline facts for further analysis, synthesis, and abstraction. It also aids in establishing causative-consecutive relations between them. The combination of logical and historical approaches provides the study of every historical-pedagogical phenomenon in its development as well as its status in a certain historical period. Hence, the theoretical basis of a scientific research is considered as defining a methodological ground of a scientific study. It is established that such an activity in maritime education in Ukraine should be cyclic and consist of systematic and empirically robust steps.

6. Khmil Nataliia
Professional Trainee Teacher’s Readiness to Use Cloud Technologies in Educational Process: The Role of Academic Motivation

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2017, 4(1): 27-31.

This article examines the role of motivation in the formation of professional trainee teacher’s readiness to use cloud technologies. The author observes that, it is possible to define the exact characteristics of the motivational criteria, which is a part of the motivational-valuable component of professional trainee teacher’s readiness to use cloud technologies. These unique characteristics may include; (1) trainee teachers’ knowledge of the importance of the pedagogical potential of cloud technologies, (2) their understanding of the importance of using cloud services in the training of their students, and (3) self-improvement, self-educational activity, the desire to create, implement and expand new ideas on using cloud technologies in the educational process.

7. Olha Osova
Ways to Realize the Subject-Subject Interaction in the Process of Teaching Foreign Language Communication

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2017, 4(1): 32-37.

The article deals with the definition of the term “subject-subject interaction” on the grounds of the scientific and pedagogical literature analysis. This technology involves the highest level of pedagogical interactions which may be characterized by students’ and teachers’ cooperation, partnership and reflexive management. The author highlights the main ways to efficiently realize the subject-subject interaction in the process of teaching foreign language communication in higher educational establishments. In addition, it is proven that the application of these interactive technologies increases the interest of participants and increases their enthusiasm for information exchange. It also helps them to discuss academic problems, persist in their ideas, prove their point of view or to put forward other problem-solution.

Letters to the Editorial office

8. Iuliia Kuzmenko
Staffing of Higher Educational Institutions of Ukraine in the Second Half of the XXth Century: Quality Assurance Issues

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2017, 4(1): 38-41.

The importance of training researchers to provide quality higher education in Ukraine is an urgent need that cannot be ignored. As the world aims at attaining a golden age in education, it is crucial for countries like Ukraine to also take a second look at issues that may affect the quality of their education. The author reviewed educational regulations and analyzed some archival documents on educational policy regarding teachers’ training and staffing of the Ukrainian Republic. It is remarkable that the ways of staffing higher educational establishments in the USSR between 1950 and 1990 revealed various successes and challenges of which, the Post-Soviet era today can learn from. It is important that future studies and policies look into how staffing issues affect the development of education in the independent Ukraine.

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